What is Digital Forensics?
Also known as Computer Forensics, it is the application of scientific investigatory techniques to digital crimes and attacks. It is the identification, preservation, examination and analysis of digital evidence.
What can be detected for businesses?
- Employees who embezzle or sell company secrets will more than likely be caught as their computers usually contain all the evidence needed to connect them to the crime even if they have deleted evidence as will still be traces in the meta data;
- If an employee starts to work for a rival company and they have copied or stolen company information which;
- Can be used in data breaches concerning theft of corporate data and customer or other records – breach of contract;
- Assists in cases against employees in instances of fraud, wrongful death or personal injury or even sexual harassment. Laptops, social media and cell phones can provide evidence using conversation history and geolocation data. In cases of work-related accidents, one can determine whether the injured employee was distracted by their mobile phones;
- It can also assist in patent disputes;
- Can be used as evidence in disciplinary hearings or in court;
- Digital Forensics can be useful for data recovery when files are lost or hidden;
- Can assist in damage control after a cyber-attack or to assist in prevention thereof;
Commercial organizational use:
- Intellectual property theft;
- Industry espionage;
- Employment disputes;
- Fraud investigations;
- Bankruptcy investigations;
- Inappropriate computer/internet use at the workplace;
- Regulatory compliance.
- Capability to reduce or eliminate sampling risk;
- The comparison of different types of data from different systems can show a complete picture in what happened;
- Lost, deleted or damaged data can be recovered;
- Large amounts of data can be searched and analyzed relatively quickly and efficiently.
- Depending on the nature of the case, it can cost money as the analyst charges per hour;
- The analyst must be able to communicate his/her findings in a way that is easy to understand for anyone involved, some people may struggle to understand the analysts’ findings;